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Yōko Ono (1933)

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  Summary  

オノ・ヨーコ, also 小野 洋子 is a Japanese artist, musician, author and peace activist, known for her work in avant-garde art, music and filmmaking as well as her marriage to John Lennon. Ono brought feminism to the forefront in her music which prefigured New Wave music and is known for her philanthropic contributions to the arts, peace and AIDS outreach programs.

  Biography  

 early life
Yoko Ono was born in 1933 to mother Isoko Ono, the great-granddaughter of Zenjiro Yasuda of the Yasuda banking family, and to father Yeisuke Ono, a banker and one-time classical pianist who was a descendant of an Emperor of Japan. The name "Yoko" means "ocean child". Two weeks before she was born, her father was transferred to San Francisco by his employer, the Yokohama Specie Bank. The rest of the family followed soon after and Yoko met her father when she was two. Her younger brother Keisuke was born in December 1936. In 1937, her father was transferred back to Japan and Ono was enrolled at Tokyo's Gakushuin , one of the most exclusive schools in Japan.

In 1940, the family moved to New York City, where Ono's father was working. In 1941, her father was transferred to Hanoi and the family returned to Japan. Ono was then enrolled in Keimei Gakuen, an exclusive Christian primary school run by the Mitsui family. She remained in Tokyo through the great fire-bombing of March 9, 1945. During the fire-bombing, she was sheltered with other members of her family in a special bunker in the Azabu district of Tokyo, far from the heavy bombing. After the bombing, Ono went to the Karuizawa mountain resort with members of her family.

Ono has said that she and her family were forced to beg for food while pulling their belongings in a wheelbarrow; and it was during this period in her life that Ono says she developed her "aggressive" attitude and understanding of "outsider" status when children taunted her and her brother, who were once well-to-do. Other stories have her mother bringing a large number of goods with them to the countryside which they bartered for food. One famous anecdote has her mother bartering a German-made sewing machine for sixty kilograms of rice with which to feed the family. Her father remained in the city and, unbeknownst to them, was believed to have been eventually incarcerated in a prisoner of war camp in China. In an interview by Democracy Now's Amy Goodman on October 16, 2007, Ono explained, "He was in French Indochina which is Vietnam actually... in Saigon. He was in a concentration camp."

By April 1946, Gakushuin was reopened and Ono was enrolled. The school, located near the imperial palace, had not been damaged by the war, and Ono found herself a classmate of Akihito, the future emperor of Japan. She graduated in 1951 and was accepted into the philosophy program of Gakushuin University, the first woman to enter the department. However, after two semesters, she left the school.

 Education and marriages
Ono's family moved to Scarsdale, New York after the war. She left Japan to rejoin the family and enrolled in nearby Sarah Lawrence College. While her parents approved of her college choice, they were dismayed at her lifestyle, and, according to Ono, chastised her for befriending people they considered to be "beneath" her. In spite of this, Ono loved meeting artists, poets and others who represented the "bohemian" freedom she longed for herself. Visiting galleries and art "happenings" in the city whetted her desire to publicly display her own artistic endeavors. La Monte Young, her first important contact in the New York art world, helped Ono start her career by using her Chambers Street loft in Tribeca as a performance space. At one performance, Ono set a painting on fire; fortunately John Cage had advised her to treat the paper with flame retardant.

In 1956, she married composer Toshi Ichiyanagi. They divorced in 1962 after living apart for several years. On November 28 that same year, Ono married an American named Anthony Cox. Cox was a jazz musician, film producer and art promoter. He had heard of Ono in New York and tracked her down to a mental institution in Japan, where her family had placed her following a suicide attempt. Ono had neglected to finalize her divorce from Ichiyanagi, so their marriage was annulled on March 1, 1963 and Cox and Ono married again on June 6. Their daughter, Kyoko Chan Cox, was born two months later on August 8, 1963.

The marriage quickly fell apart but the Coxes stayed together for the sake of their joint career. They performed at Tokyo's Sogetsu Hall with Ono lying atop a piano played by John Cage. Soon the Coxes returned to New York with Kyoko. In the early years of this marriage, Ono left most of Kyoko's parenting to Cox while she pursued her art full-time and Tony managed publicity. After she divorced Cox on February 2, 1969, Ono and Cox engaged in a bitter legal battle for custody of Kyoko, which resulted in Ono being awarded full custody. However, in 1971, Cox disappeared with eight-year-old Kyoko, in violation of the custody order. Cox subsequently became a Christian and raised Kyoko in a Christian group known as the Church of the Living Word (or "the Walk"). Cox left the group with Kyoko in 1977. Living an underground existence, Cox changed the girl's name to Rosemary. Cox and Kyoko sent Ono a sympathy message after Lennon's 1980 murder. Afterwards, the bitterness between the parents lessened slightly and Ono publicly announced in People Magazine that she would no longer seek out the now-adult Kyoko, but still wished to make contact with her. In 1994, Kyoko made contact with Ono and established a relationship.

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  Played TV shows  

  Bands  

  Albums 

  Tracks  

Name Duration Released
Move on Fast 04:25 2011
BETWEEN MY HEAD AND THE SKY 05:33 21/09/2009
Hashire, Hashire 03:35 21/09/2009
Healing 04:25 21/09/2009
Moving Mountains 03:00 21/09/2009
I’m Alive 00:22 21/09/2009
Memory of Footsteps 03:30 21/09/2009
Higa Noboru 05:44 21/09/2009
Waiting For The D Train 02:46 21/09/2009
I’m Going Away Smiling 02:53 21/09/2009
Unun. To 03:16 21/09/2009
Watching The Rain 05:30 21/09/2009
Ask the Elephant! 00:00 2009
The Sun is Down! 00:00 2009
I'm Not Getting Enough 07:08 2009
Calling 00:00 2009
Feel the Sand 00:00 2009
Give Peace a Chance 00:00 2007
Everyman Everywoman 00:00 2007
Loneliness 03:33 07/1997
Heartburn Stew 02:09 07/1997
A Story 02:38 07/1997
Winter Friend 03:17 07/1997
It Happened 03:52 07/1997
She Gets Down On Her Knees 04:50 07/1997
Yes, I'm a Witch 03:11 07/1997
Tomorrow May Never Come 02:52 07/1997
Extension 33 01:27 07/1997
Dogtown 03:32 07/1997
Anatano Te 03:35 07/1997
Will You Touch Me 02:39 07/1997
Hard Times Are Over 04:37 07/1997
I'm Dying 00:00 07/07/1995
Turned the Corner 00:00 07/07/1995
Talking to the Universe 00:00 07/07/1995
New York Woman 00:00 07/07/1995
Ask the Dragon 00:00 07/07/1995
Goodbye My Love 00:00 07/07/1995
Wouldnit 00:00 07/07/1995
Rising 00:00 07/07/1995
Will I 00:00 07/07/1995
Kurushi 00:00 07/07/1995
What A Bastard The World Is 03:19 1994
Yes I'm Your Angel 02:44 1994
I'll Always Be With You 02:27 1994
We're All Water 03:04 1994
Now or Never 03:20 1994
I Felt Like Smashing My Face In A Clear Glass Window 03:04 1994
O'Sanity 02:19 1994
Warzone 01:41 1994
Growing Pain 02:37 1994
Story of an Oak Tree 02:18 1994
Light On The Other Side 01:58 1994
Where Do We Go From Here 02:02 1994
No, No, No 02:41 07/05/1992
Hell in Paradise 03:38 07/05/1992
Nobody Sees Me Like You Do 03:33 07/05/1992
Give Me Something 01:34 07/05/1992
Kiss Kiss Kiss 02:40 07/05/1992
Kite Song 02:48 07/05/1992
Even When You're Far Away 04:12 07/05/1992
Sleepless Night 03:52 07/05/1992
Walking on Thin Ice 06:00 07/05/1992
Don't Be Scared 03:51 07/05/1992
Spec of Dust 03:32 07/05/1992
You’re the One 04:26 07/05/1992
O'Oh 04:01 07/05/1992
Mindweaver 03:27 07/05/1992
Woman Power 05:36 07/05/1992
Toilet Piece/Unknown 00:00 1992
Paper Shoes 00:00 1992
Touch Me 00:00 1992
Is Winter Here to Stay? 00:00 1992
O'Wind 00:00 1992
Head Play 00:00 1992
Mind Holes 00:00 1992
Don't Count the Waves 00:00 1992
No Bed for Beatle John 00:00 1992
The Path 00:00 1992
Telephone Piece 00:00 1992
Don't Worry, Kyoko (Mummy's Only Looking for Her Hand in the Snow) 00:00 1992
I Love All Of Me 03:53 1985
It's Gonna Rain 04:00 1985
You And I 02:50 1985
Sky People 03:37 1985
Cape Clear 05:08 1985
Remember Raven 02:49 1985
The King Of The Zoo 03:01 1985
Rainbow Revelation 03:21 1985
I Love You, Earth 02:45 1985
Children Power 02:15 1985
Starpeace 03:14 1985
I See Rainbows 02:34 11/1982
Dream Love 04:43 11/1982
Let The Tears Dry 03:26 11/1982
Wake Up 03:40 11/1982
It's Alright 04:34 11/1982
Never Say Goodbye 04:17 11/1982
My Man 03:45 11/1982
Mother of the Universe 04:26 12/06/1981
Toyboat 03:31 12/06/1981
I Don't Know Why 04:18 12/06/1981
Silver Horse 03:03 12/06/1981
Turn of the Wheel 02:41 12/06/1981
Goodbye Sadness 03:48 12/06/1981
Have You Seen a Horizon Lately 01:57 16/01/1973
What Did I Do! 04:12 16/01/1973
I Want My Love to Rest Tonight 05:11 16/01/1973
Death of Samantha 06:22 16/01/1973
Yang Yang 03:50 16/01/1973
Mind Train 16:52 12/03/1971
Midsummer New York 03:51 12/03/1971
Between the Takes 01:58 12/03/1971
Something More Abstract 00:44 11/12/1970
Open Your Box 07:35 11/12/1970
Greenfield Morning I Pushed an Empty Baby Carriage All Over the City 05:38 11/12/1970
Why Not 09:55 11/12/1970
Mother 00:00 11/12/1970
Why 05:37 11/12/1970

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  Sources

Whole or part of the information contained in this card come from the Wikipedia article "Yōko Ono", licensed under CC-BY-SA full list of contributors here.